Julia Vysotska (Latvia) &
Marjan Kovačević

Warm welcome to Marjan in Original Problems section of JF!


Original Problems, Julia’s Fairies – 2016 (II): July – December

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No.1111 Julia Vysotska &
Marjan Kovačević

Latvia / Serbia

original – 12.08.2016

Solution: (click to show/hide)

White Kc1 Sb6 Pf2 Black Kd3 Bg6 Pf7 Pa6 Pd6 Pc3 Pf3 Pc2 White Chameleon Bc6 Be3 Sd4

#2                                               (6+8)
Chameleon Bc6, Be3, Sd4

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August 12, 2016 15:42

Very nice. I suppose it is the Salazar theme doubled. Happy to see a direct mate from Julia! First? 🙂

Georgy Evseev
Georgy Evseev
August 13, 2016 16:30
Reply to  Julia

Yes, there are four exchange themes possible.

Mate-mate exchange (simple exchange)
Threat-mate exchange (Le Grand)
Key-mate exchange (Salazar or Reversal 1)
Key-threat exchange (Reversal 2)

Juraj Lörinc
Juraj Lörinc
August 14, 2016 00:38
Reply to  Georgy Evseev

As usually, there is quite a serious misunderstanding about even a most basic terms here. To avoid too opening too much point, I’d like to concentrate only on the line “Key-mate exchange (Salazar or Reversal 1)”.

I think it is preferable to stick to the more restrictive and descriptive name Reversal 1. The reason is that name “Salazar” is used for at least three non-equivalent themes, all contained in the “prototype” twomove by Francisco Salazar. You can find the problem in the Encyclopedia of Chess Problems, here is the YACPDB reference: http://www.yacpdb.org/#32832

Themes I have heard to be named Salazar until now:
1. Formal theme 1.A, 1…a 2.B#, 1.B, 1…a 2.A# – that’s Reversal (I)
2. Strategical theme – emphasis on motivational content: Two phases of #2 are related by keys and mates: in one phase white piece comes and creates direct battery that later fires checkmate. In the other phase “front” piece leaves the line in the key and later the checkmate is given using the line open in anticipation.
3. Strategical theme – emphasis on the form of checkmates: The nature of mates after two black defences is exchanged in two phases: direct become indirect and vice versa. The final positions are the same. (cited from Encyclopedia p. 385)

Note that the third “theme” requires two defences and as such is quite different to the first one. Hey, that’s the terminology mess!

August 15, 2016 13:24
Reply to  Julia

Ah…. you are right. I see another no-1013. But are there others too? 🙂

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